Wildlife to Visit of the Family Cervidae

Bluebell (Hyacinthoides non-scripta )
Bluebell woods.
Carpet of Bluebells. © Angie Muldowney cc
Bluebell (Hyacinthoides non-scripta )
Bluebell woods.
Carpet of Bluebells. © Angie Muldowney cc

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There are 5 wildlife species pictured below. Some species can only be seen during certain months. Wildlife that has been observed at this time of year are shown first preceeded by a green bar. Wildlife that can be seen at a different time of year is show last preceeded by a blue bar.

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Fallow Deer (Dama dama) All year round.
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Family: Cervidae (Deer)

Habitat: Grasslands, lowland mixed deciduous, wood-pasture and parkland and woodland clearings and edges.

Food: Grass.

Season: All year round.

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

Fallow deer were introduced into southern England in the 1st century AD by the Romans. The male deer is a buck and the female deer a doe. Only the male has antlers. Fallow deer can run at 30 mph and jump almost six foot high.

Fallow Deer (Dama dama) © Rob Bendall
Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) All year round.
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Family: Cervidae (Deer)

Habitat: Grasslands and woodland.

Size: Length of 95-135 cm (3.1-4.4 ft).

Food: Grass, leaves, berries, and young shoots.

Sound: ♂ Bark and a low grunting.♀ Bark and pheep.

Season: All year round.

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

Roe deer are crepuscular, very quick and graceful. They have a lifespan of 10 years.

Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) © Kumweni cc
Reeves's Muntjac Deer (Muntiacus reevesi) All year round.
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Family: Cervidae (Deer)

Habitat: Grassland and woodland.

Size: Height (shoulder) ♀ 50 cm ( 20 in ). Antlers 10 cm (4 in).

Food: Herbs, blossoms, succulent shoots, grasses and nuts.

Sound: Loud bark.

Season: All year round.

Also called the barking deer sika are native tosouth eastern china and Taiwan. They were introduced to Great Britain (Woburn Abbey) in the early 20th century. Deliberate releases and escapes led to the wild population.

Reeves's Muntjac Deer (Muntiacus reevesi) © Peter O'Connor cc
Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) All year round.
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Family: Cervidae (Deer)

Habitat: Grasslands, heathlands and woodland.

Size: Length ♀ 160-210 cm (63-83 in). ♂ 175-250 cm (69-98 in).

Food: Grass.

Season: All year round.

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

Red Deer, Britain's largest land mammal, migrated to Britain from europe 11,000 years ago. Lifespan is up to 18 years. Reddish brown coat in summer, brown to grey in winter.

Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) ♂ ♀ © MTM arr
Sika Deer (Cervus nippon) All year round.
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Family: Cervidae (Deer)

Habitat: Woodland and grassland.

Size: Height (shoulder) ♀ 50-90 cm ( 20-35 in ). ♂ 70-95 cm (28-37 in). Antlers 28-45 cm (11-18 in).

Food: Grass.

Sound: ♂ Piercing screems.

Season: All year round.

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

Native to much of East Asia, sika were introduced to Great Britain in 1860.

Sika Deer (Cervus nippon) © Miguel Vieira cc
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