Wildlife to Visit of the Order Carnivora

Bluebell (Hyacinthoides non-scripta )
Bluebell woods.
Carpet of Bluebells. © Angie Muldowney cc
Bluebell (Hyacinthoides non-scripta )
Bluebell woods.
Carpet of Bluebells. © Angie Muldowney cc

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There are 15 wildlife species pictured below. Some species can only be seen during certain months. Wildlife that has been observed at this time of year are shown first preceeded by a green bar. Wildlife that can be seen at a different time of year is show last preceeded by a blue bar.

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Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes crucigera) All year round.
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Family: Canidae

Habitat: Farmland, gardens and parks, woodland, heathland, grassland, sand dunes and sea cliffs.

Size: Height 35-50 cm (14-20 in). Length 45-90 cm (18-35 in). Tail 30-56 cm (12-22 in).

Food: Rodents, rabbits, birds, fruit and vegetables, fish, frogs, and worms.

Sound: Vocal range of five octaves. Various barks and screams.

Season: All year round.

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes crucigera) ♀ © MTM arr
Badger (Meles meles) All year round.
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Family: Mustelidae

Habitat: Woodland and scrub.

Food: Earthworms, insects, fruit, carrion, cereals and fruit.

Season: All year round.

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

Badgers are sociable forming groups of around six adults. They are burrowing animals and construct complicated setts which are passed down the generations. They typically emerge late afternoon.

Badger (Meles meles meles) ♀ © MTM arr
Stoat (Mustela erminea) All year round.
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Family: Mustelidae

Habitat: Coastal, farmland, grasslands, heathlands and woodland.

Size: Length 16-32 cm. Weight 90 - 445 g

Food: Rabbits, rodents, small birds, fish, shrews, amphibians, lizards, and insects.

Season: All year round.

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

A very skilful tree climber that can descend a trunk headfirst.

Stoat (Mustela erminea) © milo bostock cc
Common Seal (Phoca vitulina) All year round.
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Family: Phocidae

Habitat: Coastal areas, shorelines, harbours and seawalls.

Food: Fish

Season: All year round.

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

Also called the harbour seal, it breeds in several colonies on and around the coast. Five percent of the world's common seal population live in UK waters.

Common Seal (Phoca vitulina) © Andreas Trepte photo-natur.de/
Asian Short-clawed Otter (Aonyx cinerea) All year round.
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Family: Mustelidae

Habitat: Rivers and streams and rock pools.

Food: Mainly crustaceans, molluscs and amphibians.

Season: All year round.

IUCN Conservation Status: Threatened - Vulnerable

Asian short-clawed otters are the smallest otters in the world. They form monogamous pairs for life and are active during dusk and dawn (crepuscular).

Asian Short-clawed Otter (Aonyx cinerea) © Sarah Stierch cc
Grey Seal (Halichoerus grypus) All year round.
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Family: Phocidae

Habitat: Coastal areas.

Food: Fish.

Season: All year round.

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

The Grey Seal is also known as the Atlantic grey seal and the horsehead seal. It breeds in several colonies on and around the coast.

Grey Seal (Halichoerus grypus) © MTM arr
Least Weasel (Mustela nivalis) All year round.
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Family: Mustelidae

Habitat: Grassland, woodland and gardens and parks.

Size: Length 11.4-20.4 cm (4.5-8.0 in) ♀. 13.0-26.0 cm (5-10 in). ♂

Food: Small rodents, occasionally frogs, fish, small birds and bird eggs.

Sound: Hiss (alarmed), bark, shriek and squeal.

Season: All year round.

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

The female raises its kits without help from the male.

Least Weasel (Mustela nivalis) © Kevin Law cc
Otter (Lutra lutra) All year round.
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Family: Mustelidae

Habitat: Coastal, lakes and reservoirs, ponds, rivers and streams, beaches and shorelines and estuaries.

Size: Length 57-95 cm (22.5-37.5 in).

Food: Mainly fish also insects, birds, frogs, crustaceans, small mammals.

Season: All year round. Resident.

IUCN Conservation Status: Near Threatened


Otter (Lutra lutra) © MTM arr
Polecat (Mustela putorius) All year round.
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Family: Mustelidae

Habitat: Farmland, woodland margin, river banks and marshes.

Food: Small rodents, birds, amphibians, reptiles and insects.

Season: All year round.

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

Nocturnal but can be observed at dawn and dusk. They use a keen sense of smell to locate their prey. They mark their territory with a pungent musky smell.

Polecat (Mustela putorius) ♂ © MTM arr
Raccoon (Procyon lotor) All year round.
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Family: Procyonidae

Habitat: Gardens and parks, coastal grazing marsh, lowland mixed deciduous and deciduous woods.

Size: Length 40-70 cm (16-28 in) plus tail 20-40 cm (8-16 in).

Food: Invertebrates, plant material and vertebrates.

Season: All year round.

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

Raccoons engage in gender-specific social behaviours. Related females share a common area and meet at feeding or resting grounds. Unrelated males often form loose male social groups.

Raccoon (Procyon lotor) © Tambako The Jaguar cc
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